Kumbakonam is known as a “temple city” due to the prevalence of a number of temples here and is noted for its Mahamaham festival which attracts people from all over the country. Kumbakonam dates back to the Sangam period and was ruled by the Early Cholas, Pallavas, Medieval Cholas, Later Cholas, Pandyas, the Vijayanagara Empire, Madurai Nayaks, Thanjavur Nayaks and the Thanjavur Marathas. During the British Raj when it was a prominent centre of European education and Hindu culture it acquired the cultural name, the “Cambridge of South India”. The name “Kumbakonam”, translated an allusion to the mythical pot (kumbha) of the Hindu god Brahma that contained the seed of all living beings on earth. The kumbha is believed to have been displaced by a pralaya (dissolution of the universe) and ultimately came to rest at the spot where the town of Kumbakonam now stands. This event is now commemorated in the Mahamaham festival held every 12 years. Kumbakonam is also identified with the Sangam age settlement of Kudavayil who inhabited as early as the Sangam Age (3rd century BC to 3rd century AD). The present-day Kumbakonam is believed to be the site of the ancient town of Kudavayil where the Early Chola king Karikala held his court.
Sightseeing Points In Kumbakonam
Airavatesvara Temple is a Dravidian architecture located in the town of Darasuram, near Kumbakonam. This temple, built by Rajaraja Chola II in the 12th century CE is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The Airavateswarar temple is one among a cluster of eighteen medieval era large Hindu temples in the Kumbakonam area. The temple is dedicated to Shiva. It also reverentially displays Vaishnavism and Shaktism traditions of Hinduism, along with the legends associated with Nayanmars. The stone temple incorporates a chariot structure, and includes major Vedic and Puranic deities such as Indra, Agni, Varuna, Vayu, Brahma, Surya, Vishnu, Saptamatrikas, Durga, Saraswati, Sri devi, Ganga, Yamuna, Subrahmanya, Ganesha, Kama, Rati and others.
The legend is that Airavata, the white elephant of Indra, worshipped Lord Siva in this temple, so did also the King of Death, Yama. Tradition has it that the presiding deity Airavateswarar cured Yama himself (the God of Death) who was suffering under a Rishi’s curse from a burning sensation all over the body. Yama took a bath in the sacred tank and was rid of the burning sensation. Since then the tank is known as Yamateertham. It gets its supply of fresh water from the river Kaveri and is 228 feet in width. Pilgrims make a point to bathe in the tank.
As originally Airavata worshipped the Lingam, the Lingam is named after him as Airavatesvara. The Goddess in this temple is known as Deva Nayaki. Whatever remains of the sculptural part of the temple is on the inside wall of the outer prakaram (outer courtyard), about a foot from floor level. ‘The carvings contain different poses of gymnastic feats seen in the modern circus, shown by females keeping their head at the centre and legs interwoven in such a skillful way as to form the circumference of a circle.
Adi Kumbeswarar Temple is dedicated to lord Shiva, he is worshiped as Adi Kumbeswarar, and is represented by the lingam. His consort Parvati is depicted as Mangalambigai Amman. The presiding deity is revered in the 7th century Tamil Saiva canonical work, the Tevaram, written by Tamil saint poets. The temple complex covers an area of 30,181 sq ft and houses four gateway towers known as gopurams. The tallest is the eastern tower, with 11 stories and a height of 128 feet. The temple has shrines of Kumbeswarar and Mangalambigai Amman. The temple complex houses many halls the most notable is the sixteen-pillared hall built during the Vijayanagar period that has all the 27 stars and 12 zodiacs sculpted in a single stone.
It is believed that the name of the town Kumbakonam is derived from the legend associated with Kumbeswarar Temple. “Kumbakonam”, roughly translated in English as the “Pot’s Corner”, is believed to be an allusion to the mythical pot (kumbha) of the Hindu god Brahma that contained the seed of all living beings on earth. The kumbha is believed to have been displaced by a pralaya (dissolution of the universe) affected by Hindu god Shiva’s arrow and ultimately came to rest at the spot where the town of Kumbakonam now stands. The nectar is believed to have fallen in two places – the Mahamaham tank and the Potramarai tank In Front Of Kumbeswarar temple. This event is now commemorated in the Mahamaham festival held every 12 years. Kumbakonam was also formerly known by the Tamil name of Kudamukku. Kumbakonam is also identified with the Sangam age settlement of Kudavayil.
Sarangapani Temple is dedicated to Vishnu. It is one of the Divya Desams, the 108 temples of Vishnu revered in Nalayira Divya Prabandham by the 12 poet saints, or Alwars. This temple is along Kaveri and is one of the Pancharanga Kshetram. The temple is believed to be of significant antiquity with contributions at different times from Medieval Cholas, Vijayanagar Empire and Madurai Nayaks. The temple is enshrined within a huge granite wall and the complex contains all the shrines and the water bodies of the temple. The rajagopuram has eleven tiers and has a height of 173 ft. The Potramarai tank, the temple tank, is located opposite to the western entrance of the temple.
As per Hindu legend, the Vaishnava deity, Sarangapani, an incarnation of Hindu god Vishnu, appeared for a sage Hema Rishi, who performed penance in the bank of Potramarai tank. Once sage Bhrigu wanted to meet Vishnu at his residence, Ocean of Milk. The sage did not get the attention of Vishnu and in his anger, he kicked Vishnu on his chest. Mahalakshmi who resides in Vishnu’s chest got angered as Vishnu did not show his anger towards the sage. She left Vaikunta and reached earth and took the form of Padmavathy. Vishnu followed her and married her. Padmavathy got her memories and was still angry with Vishnu. To avoid her anger, Vishnu resided in the underground chamber in the temple as Pathala Srinivasa. In the meanwhile, the sage Bhrigu sought his apology and requested Mahalakshmi to be born to him as Komalavalli in his next birth. The sage was born as Hemarishi and performed penance to attain Mahalakshmi as his daughter. Vishnu was pleased by the penance and he wished the sage to get Lakshmi as his daughter. Lakshmi emerged from the Potramarai tank among thousand lotuses and was thus named Komalavalli (the one who emerged from lotus). Vishnu descended to earth as Aravamudhan in a chariot drawn by horses and elephants from his abode Vaikuntam. He stayed in the nearby Someswarar Temple to convince Lakshmi to marry him and the couple eventually got married. The name Sarangapani (“one who has the bow in his hand”) derives from the Sanskrit word Sarangam meaning bow of Vishnu and pani meaning hand.
Swamimalai Swaminatha Swamy Temple is dedicated to god Murugan. It is located in Swamimalai, 5 km from Kumbakonam, on the banks of a tributary of river Kaveri. The temple is one of the six holy shrines of Murugan called Arupadaiveedu. The shrine of the presiding deity, Swaminatha Swamy is located atop a 60 ft hillock and the shrine of his mother Meenakshi and father Shiva is located downhill. The temple has three gopuram, three precincts and sixty steps and each one is named after the sixty Tamil years. The temple has six daily rituals at various times from 5:30 a.m. to 9 p.m., and three yearly festivals on its calendar. The annual Vaikasi Visagam festival is attended by thousands of devotees from far and near.
As per Hindu legend, Brahma, the god of creation, disrespected Muruga (the son of Shiva) at the time of visiting Mount Kailash, the abode of Shiva. The child Muruga got angry with Brahma and asked him how he was creating living beings. Brahma said that he was creating living beings with the help of the Vedas (Hindu scriptures). On hearing the reply, Muruga asked Brahma to recite the texts from Vedas. Brahma started to recite the text with the holy word called Pranav Mantra, “Om”. At that time Muruga stopped Brahma and asked him to explain the meaning of the Pranava Mantra. Brahma did not expect such a question from the child and could not reply. Muruga knocked Brahma on his forehead with his clenched fists and punished him with imprisonment. Muruga took up the role of the creator. The Devas (celestial deities) were surprised by the absence of Brahma and they requested Vishnu to negotiate with Muruga to release Brahma. Vishnu could not help and as the last resort, Shiva went to the rescue of Brahma. Shiva came to Muruga and asked him to release Brahma from imprisonment. Muruga refused to release him stating Brahma was unaware of the meaning of the “Om” (Pranav Mantra ௐ AUM). Shiva asked Muruga to explain the meaning and Muruga extolled to Shiva the meaning of Om. Shiva behaved like a student to a teacher, listening with rapt attention from his son, giving Muruga the name “Swaminatha Swami”. The meaning of this name is “The Teacher of Shiva”. Following the legend, the shrine of the son Muruga is atop the hillock, while the father Shiva’s shrine is located at the basement.
Nageswaraswamy Temple is dedicated to Shiva located in Kumbakonam. The temple is incarnated by the hymns of Thevaram and is classified as Paadal Petra Sthalam. Shiva in the guise of Nagaraja, the serpent king and is located here. People troubled by Sarpa-dosha or Malefic effects Rahu-Kethu seek a relief by offering prayers in a single day to Kudanthai or Kumbakonam Nageshwara in the morning, Thirunageswaram Naganathar at the noon, Thirupampuram Pambureswarar in the evening and Nagoor Nageswarar or Naganathar temple at night. The temple is designed in such a way that during the first three days of Tamil month Chithirai (April – May), the rays of the Sun falls directly in the base of the presiding deity in sanctum sanctorum.
The temple has a five tier Rajagopuram. Entering inside, we find the Nandavanam-flower garden at the left and the Singhamukha theertha-sacred spring-at the right. Mother Brugannayaki and Nataraja Sabha are on the right side. The Nataraja Sabha is beautifully designed as a rath-car. The 12 cross wires of the wheel are (joining the wheel and the axis) are said to represent the 12 zodiac signs. The mandap is aesthetically designed in the form of a rath drawn by two horses and 4 elephants. The other noteworthy feature is Mother Sivakami is playing the Tala to the dance of the Lord Nataraja and Lord Vishnu playing the flute feasting the eyes of the devotees.
Legend Is Divine serpent Adisesha was bearing the whole weight of earth. As the weight grew due to the sins committed by the wicked, he could not excess weight and felt exhausted. He visited Mount Kailash and begged Lord Shiva to bless him with the adequate energy needed to do his job. Lord promised him the energy to hold the earth with a single head (Adiseaha has 1000 heads). Adiseaha, with the blessings of Lord Shiva came to this part of Kumbakonam where one leaf of Vilwa fell from the nectar pot. He installed a Linga here and worshipped the Lord. As Nagaraja the king of snakes worshipped the Lord here, He is praised as Nageswarar.
Mahamaham Tank is a huge temple tank considered to be the foremost and one of the largest temple tanks in Tamil Nadu. The Masimaham festival held in the tank has 100,000 visitors and the 12 year Mahamaham festival has close to 2 million visitors. It covers an area of 6.2 acres and is trapezoidal in shape. The tank is surrounded by sixteen small Mandapams (shrines) and has 21 wells inside the tank. The names of the wells carry the name of Hindu god Shiva or that of Rivers of India. Govinda Dikshitar, the chieftain of Ragunatha Nayak of Thanjavur, constructed the sixteen Mandapams and stone steps around this tank.
In the northern bank mandapa, there is an inscription of Tulapurshadana, a practise of weighing oneself against gold. The ceremony is observed during various times like equinoxes, commencement of an era (Yuga) and its ending, eclipses and Makar Sankranti. The ceremony is usually performed in sacred places like temples, rivers and tanks. The amount of gold thus weighed is distributed among deserving men. As per legend, after the end of each era, the whole world immerses in a deluge on account of the wrath of god Shiva for the sins committed by humans in earth. Brahma, the Hindu god of creation, recreated the world during the start of current Kali Yuga (Iron Age). Shiva declared that after the end of previous era, a divine pot would reach a holy spot. As the divine pot reached Kumbakonam, Shiva, in the form of a hunter, broke the pot with an arrow. The pot broke into many parts and scattered around, which became the cause for so many temples in the town – Kumbeswarar, Someswara, Kasi Viswanatha, Nageswara, Kamata Viswanatha, Abimukeshwara, Gautameshwar, Banapuriswara, Varahar, Lakshminarayana, Sarangapani, Chakrapani and Varadharaja. Brahma prayed to Shiva to allow pilgrims to visit the tank during the sacred occasion. Shiva acceded to the demand and is believed to arrive along with Vishnu and other celestial deities at the centre of the tank. Astronomically, when the planet Jupiter passes over Leo on the day of the festival, it is believed to bring all water bodies together and enrich the tank with minerals. Similarly, a lake in Katihar in Jammu and Kashmir gets full supply of water the same day, which otherwise remains empty during the other 11 years. Since Brahma reconstructed the world after the last deluge, there is a temple dedicated to him in Kumbakonam, though he is cursed not to have any temple for him anywhere else.
Kasi Viswanathar Temple is dedicated to Shiva Who is worshipped as Kasi Viswanathar, and is represented by the lingam. His consort Parvati is depicted as Visalakshi. The presiding deity is revered in the 7th century Tamil Saiva canonical work, the Tevaram, written by Tamil saint poets known as the nayanars and classified as Paadal Petra Sthalam. The temple complex covers two acres and is located close to the Mahamaham tank. It houses two gateway towers known as gopurams. The tallest is the western tower, with seven stories and a height of 72 feet. The temple has numerous shrines, with those of Kasi Viswanathar, Visalakshi and Navakanniyar being the most prominent. The temple has six daily rituals at various times from 6:00 a.m. to 9 p.m.
Lord Sri Rama, against his praiseworthy soft characters, had to acquire the traits of Rudra (anger) to wage a war against Ravana to rescue Mother Sita. He approached Sage Agastya to become a war man. The Sage advised Lord to stay in Kumbakonam for a while and worship Lord Kasi Viswanatha to acquire the angry war character. Rama, following the advice of the sage, succeeded in His wish. As Lord Rama acquired the Aarokanam, acquiring the trait of His need then, this place is also known as Karonam.
Nava Kannikas – Ganga, Yamuna, Godavari, Saraswathi, Narmada Tungabhadra, Krishna, Sarayu and Cauvery were at a loss to know how to shed the sins left on them by people who had the holy dip in the above rivers. They approached Lord Shiva for the solution. Lord advised them to go to Kumbakonam on the Mahamaham day and bathe in the holy tank to cleanse themselves of the sins set on them. The Kannikas had the darshan of Lord Kasi Viswanatha and begged Him to stay here itself for the sake of the common people which Lord obliged. The place has huge statues of these Nava Kannikas.
Chakrapani Temple is dedicated to God Vishnu located 2 km, away towards North West from the Kumbakonam Railway Station. Vishnu appears in the form of a discus or Chakra to put down the pride of Surya, who subsequently became his devotee. Like Shiva, Lord Chakrapani has a third eye on His forehead. The temple is one of the most prominent temples in Kumbakonam. In 1620, when Govinda Dikshitar, divan-administrator for the Nayaks, constructed the Ramaswamy Temple, he added a commercial corridor between the new temple and the older Chakrapani temple. As per legend, Chakra (also called Sudarshana), the discus, is the most powerful weapon of god Vishnu. He once sent his weapon to kill king Jalandasura.
The weapon is believed to have come out of the nether world through river Kaveri. God Brahma, who was taking bath in the river, got impressed and installed the image of Sudarshana in the place where the temple is now located. Surya, the Sun god, who was glowing in brilliance, had his brightness diminished by the effulgent Sudarshana. Surya worshipped Sudarshana and pleased by his devotion, Sudarshana restored all the powers of Surya. Vishnu attained the name Chakrapani from then on. Surya wanted the town to be named after him and pleased by his devotion, Chakrapani named the city as Bhaskara Kshetra. It is believed that Surya worshiped Chakrathazhwar during Masi Magam and every year Masi Magam festival is celebrated during the day, commemorating the event. The temple car is drawn around the streets of the temple during the day.
Chakra Padithurai is a famous ghat in Kumbakonam parallel to the shrine of the temple situated across the river Cauvery. Nivedhanam (sacred offering) performed everyday for the deity is dependent on the smoke emanating from the burning of corpses from the ghat. It is pertinent to an ideology that God performs the chakra (cycle) of life and death. The important and peculiar point about this temple is that Vilva (Bilwa) archana which is normally performed in Shiva temples is also performed here for the Perumal.
Suriyanar Temple (SUN Temple) | Navagraha Temples is built by King Kulothunga Chola I in the year 1100 AD. This is a temple dedicated for Navagrahas. The devotee can worship all the planets as presiding deities. The SUN is the prime deity. Usha devi and Sri Purusha devi (Chaya devi) are the consorts. Sun god holds two lotus flowers in his hands It is king of kings in the Navagraha planets. The temple sannathi is facing west. The vehicle of the lord Suriyanar is horse. This horse is named Sabtha Sabtham. It indicates the seven horses of the sun’s Chariot. Legend Is Sage Kalava Muni was suffering from severe leprosy. He worshipped all the planets begging total cure. All the planets graced the Rishi with what he wanted the cure from leprosy.
Lord Brahma was angered as he felt that the planets have no powers to provide boons to humans. He cursed the nine planets to suffer from leprosy and were sent down to earth in Vellerukku Vanam, known As white wild flower jungle. The planets prayed to Shiva to relieve them off the curse. Shiva appeared to them and said that the place belonged to them and they would have to grace the devotees worshipping them from the place. This is the only temple where there are separate shrines for each of the planet deities. It is also the only temple among the nine planetary temples where Shiva is not the presiding deity.
Thingalur Chandra Bhagavan (MOON Temple ) | Navagraha Temples. Thingalur is the sthalam for Chandran. Thingal in Tamil means Chandran and hence the name Thingalur. The Adi Devatha is water, prathyathi Devatha is Gowri, his colour is white and his vahana is white horse. The grain associated with him is paddy rice, white arali flower, white cloth, pearl gem, As Per The Legend Once The Devas and asuras were churning the paarkadal using Mandira Malai and the snake Vasuki. The asuras held the head portion of the snake and the devas, the tail portion. When Lord Vishnu was distributing the Amrutham amongst the devas, at the behest of Sukracharya, one of the asuras in the guise of a deva consumed the nectar.
Suryan and Chandran noticed this and complained to Lord Vishnu. An angry Vishnu used his chakrayudham (discus) to cut the asura into two and threw them away. The head joined with a snake’s body to become Rahu Bhagavan. The body portion kept growing because the asura had consumed Amrutham. This later joined with the head of a snake and became Kethu Bhagavan. Now, Rahu and Kethu did not forgive Suryan and Chandran. Rahu went after Chandran and started consuming him. It is here that Chandran prayed to Lord Shiva and got his blessings. Shiva blessed Chandran with the power to grow back to full size in 15 days after being consumed by Rahu. That is why we have the waxing and waning moon. Shiva also blessed Chandran by adorning Chandran on his forehead so that anyone who prays Shiva will have to pray Chandran.
Another story for waxing and Waning period of chandran is, King Dakshan gave all his 27 daughters in marriage to Chandran. Those 27 wives of Chandran are the 27 stars in Tamil Calendar. As Chandran’s favourite was Rohini and he spent most of his time with her, the others complained about this to their father. King Dakshan asked Chandran to treat all of them equally, which Chandran refused. An angry Dakshan, cursed Chandran that all his beauty and brightness will disappear slowly everyday. A worried Chandran, on the advice of Lord Brahma, then performed penance on Lord Shiva. Lord Shiva appeared before him and adorned his forehead with the crescent-shaped Chandran. Shiva then came to be known as Chandrasekaran also. He blessed Chandran to regain his beauty and brightness slowly day by day. This waxing period of the moon is called Shukla Paksha or Valarpirai. Chandran gets back all his beauty and attains full brightness on Full moon day or pournami. From Pournami to the full moon day he again starts losing his beauty and brightness till the New moon day or Amavasya. This waning period of the moon is called Krishna Paksha or Theipirai.
Chevvai Vaitheeswaran Koil Angaraka Bhagavan (MARS Temple) | Navagraha Temples Shiva is worshipped as Vaitheeswaran or the “God of healing” and it is believed that prayers to Vaitheeswaran can cure diseases. It is one of the nine Navagraha (nine planets) temples associated with the planet Mars (Angaraka). The village is also known for palm leaf astrology called Nadi astrology in Tamil. One of the nine planets, Angaraka (Mars), suffered from leprosy and was cured by Vaidyanathaswamy. Shiva is considered to be the Divine Healer called Vaidyanathan. His consort Thaiyalnayaki is said to accompany him with a vessel containing medicinal oil. There is also a shrine dedicated to Dhanwantari here.
The prasadam offered at this temple is Thiruchaandu Urundai placed at the Thaiyalnayaki shrine and distributed. Another prasadam offered here is sandal paste referred to as Nettirapidi Chandanam. Lord Shiva in this temple is swayambhu murti. The holy waters of the Siddhartham tank within the temple complex contains nectar, and a holy dip is believed to cure all diseases. The temple is revered by the Tevaram hymns of 7th-century Saiva nayanars Tamil saint poets and is also classified as a Paadal Petra Sthalam (temple revered by the nayanars). The place is also known as Pullirukkuvelur. During the Ramayana period, Rama, Lakshmana and Saptarishi have worshipped the deity in this place. It is believed that Rama and his brother Lakshmana cremated the vulture king Jatayu who was killed by Ravana when he tried to prevent the abduction of Sita at this place. There is a pond at this temple called Jatayu kundam (pot of Jatayu having holy ash of Vibhuti).
Thiruvengadu Budhan Bhagavan (MERCURY Temple) | Navagraha Temples. Sri Swetharanyeswarar is Shiva as Budha or Mercury. It is one of the Navagraha Sthalas. The Lord Budha faces North East direction. Among nine planets Budhan is said to bestow wisdom and intellect. Budha or Mercury is considered as the greatest among the wise. This place is similar to Kasi with all the Snan Ghats. One can do all the karmas here, that is supposed to be done in kasi. This place is also called Adhi Chidambaram. Nataraja’s dance here is known as Hasti Natanam. Achutha Gapanar bathed in the three tanks, worshiped Thiruvengadar and he was blessed with a child. This child came to be known as Meikandar.
Those who visit Thiruvenkadu will find relief from puthira dosham, difficulties in studies, mental instability, and nervous disorders. This temple is especially known for its unique incarnate of Lord Shiva called “Agora Murthi”. It is said that Agora Murthi was one of the furious incarnation of Lord Shiva Lord Shiva took his incarnation ‘Agora murthi’ and killed the ‘Padmasuran’ under a tree. (which is now in Thiruvengadu temple, back to the entrance of Agora murthi).
Alangudi Guru Bhagavan (JUPITER Temple) | Navagraha Temples. The temple is one of the nine Navagraha sthalas (Temples of Nine planets) located in the Cauvery Delta region dedicated to planet Jupiter, called Dakshinamoorthy, the Guru. Lord Guru can be propitiated in the form of Sri Dakshinamurthy. Legend is that Siva consumed deadly poison, giving rise to the name Alangudi and deity being termed Apatsahayesvarar, indicating saviour during hard times. He is also known as Brihaspathi, due to his excellence in education and fine arts, possessing supreme intelligence. Parvathi, the consort of Lord Shiva, is said to have been reborn on the banks of the Amrita Pushkarini within the temple precincts before being reunited with siva.
Presiding deity Abathsahayeswarar is a Suyambulinga Murthy in the temple. Lord Dakshinamurthy adored as Guru Bhagwan (teacher of Dharma and Yoga Sastras) has special importance in the temple and therefore, the place is regarded as Dakshinamurthy Sthala. It is one of the 275 Paadal Petra Sthalams, where Campantar, one of the four most revered Nayanars (Saivite Saints) have sung the glories of this temple. Sage Sukha, Rishi Vishwamitra, Sage Agastya, Adisankara, and several other holy men have worshipped at this shrine.
Kanjanoor Sukran Bhagawan (VENUS Temple) | Navagraha Temples. As per the Legend, Agni (God of Fire) did penance here for Lord Siva, hence the name Agneeswarar for Lord Siva. Kalathira Dosha Nivarana Pooja will be performed at this temple. Lord Brahma was blessed with a vision of Lord Siva’s marriage with Goddess Parvathi at this place. it is believed that Lord Brahma installed Linga here and offered prayers, hence the name Brahma Linga. There is no separate shrine for Sukran and said that Sukran resides in Lord Siva’s stomach.
Legend Has It When Lord Vishnu asked Bali for 3 steps of land in Vamana Avatharam, Shukracharya tried to dissuade Bali from granting the boon. He took the form of a bee and blocked the mouth of the Kamandalam (a type of Jar, usually carried by rishis) from which Bali would pour water to signify the grant of the boon. Vishnu used a dharna to clear the blockage in the Kamandalam and the process blinded Shukracharya in one eye. Vamana then took the Vishwaroopam and covered the whole universe in two steps. The 3rd step was placed on Bali. An angry Shukracharya cursed Vishnu. After severe penance to Shiva here, Vishnu was relieved of his curse.
An interesting connection between Velleeswarar Koil in Mylapore and this story is as follows. Sukran after being blinded in one eye undertook a pilgrimage of Sivalayams to get back his sight. It was at Velleeswarar temple in Mylapore that he got back his sight. Offer prayers to Shiva at Velleeswarar Koil in Mylapore to get rid of eye ailments and to be blessed with good eyesight.
Shukracharya was imparted the knowledge of Amirtha Sanjeevini Mantra by Lord Shiva. This Mantra can bring the dead back to life. Shukracharya used this mantra in one of the deva-asura wars and revived the slain asuras. One being approached by devas for help, Lord Shiva is said to have swallowed Sukracharya in a fit of rage. Sukracharyar meditated on Shiva inside His stomach. Karpagambal prevailed on Shiva to let Sukracharyar out. Hence Sukran is very devoted to the Ambal and is Her favourite. Shiva also conferred on Sukracharya the status of a celestial planet here. There is no idol for Sukran here. Shiva blesses those who come with their prayers to Sukran.
Thirunallar Saneeswara Bhagavan (SATURN Temple) | Navagraha Temples is famous for Lord Saneeswara (Saturn) temple. The Thirunallar temple is a Shiva Temple (Lord Shiva is known as Dharbaranyeshwarar here) but the main glory of the temple is Lord Shaniswara. The only temple where Lord Saneeshwara lost all his power to Lord Shiva (Dharbaranyeshwarar) which saved his devotee Nalan from Saturn’s curses. It is believed that by bathing in Nala theertham here, one washes off all kinds of misfortunes and afflictions caused by one’s past karmas. According to astrology, Saneeswaran moves from one sign (house) to the next in the Zodiac once in Two And A Half Years and the day of his transit is observed as a festival in Thirunallar.
Saneeswaran is reputed to be both, a giver and destroyer. A person who prays to Saneeswaran will be blessed with not only riddance from the problems and worries faced, but a life that one desires. Worshipping of Lord Shani helps people to develop a positive mindset even during the harshest of Shani periods. The great Saivite saints Thirugnanasambhandar, Sundaramurthy Swamigal, Thirunavukkarasar and Arunagirinadhar have worshipped at this shrine and sung about the glory of the Lord.
Tirunallar Saniswaran Temple is also attributed to Murugan worship as well. History says that Nala of the Nishadha country got his deliverance from the evil effects of Shani (Saturn) by invoking the Lord’s mercy. In the seven Saptha Vidanga Sthalas, Thirunallar occupies the 2nd position. Abhishekas and pujas are offered at five times a day.
Devotees throng the temple to get relief from the effects of Saturn in their life. They take an oil bath in the Nalatheertham. Then offer prayers to Kalitheertha Vinayaka, break coconuts and worship Baghwan Sani, the planet Saturn.
It is believed that offering Sari to the Goddess Bogamartha Poonmulayal brings happiness in life. The 18-day Brammotsavam beginning on the Uthiratadhi star day in the Tamil month Vaikasi is an important festival. On the last day, there will be a programme known as the Lord gracing a darshan to a shepherd. Special pujas are performed in the temple during the festive time of Karthika Deepa, Deepavali, the Tamil and English New Year days. Worshipping Shani Bhagavan helps one to develop positive power and to manage difficulties in life. This temple is famous for Maragadha Lingam and Golden crow. Every Saturday is a special day for Shani Bhagavan.
Thirunageswaram Raghu Bhagawan (North Lunar Node Temple) | Navagraha Temples is one of the 127 temples on the southern banks of river Cauvery. It is one of the Panchakrosa Sthalas. The presiding Deity is Arulmigu Giri Gujambika Sametha Naganathaswamy. The Raaghu Sannathi ( Nagaraja Shrine) is on the South-West direction of the second prakara. Raaghu, the Naga (Serpent) King worshipped the Lord Siva, hence this place is named ‘Thirunageswaram’. Further Raghu had received a boon from Siva for bestowing grace and prosperity to those who worship Him with devotion. He took His abode as God with His two consorts.
There is another shrine for Amman, where Devi is seen in three forms as Lakshmi (goddess of wealth), Girigujaambaal (Sakthi), and Saraswathi (goddess of knowledge). As per the Sthalapuranam, there are two Shrines (Sannidhis) for the Presiding Deity (Moorthi) at this sthala, the colour of milk changes from white to blue during Abhishekam. On 16th February 1968, a snake had shed off its outer skin on Rahu Bhagavan, which is preserved and worshipped to date. People having Ragu dosha come here during Rahu kalam and perform Abishekas. The Jothisha Sastra (Astrology) states that if Raghu is in a good position in one’s horoscope He will bestow all prosperity (including Raja Yoga ) to him and that person becomes a Kubera. If he is not in a good position and guilty ( Dhosha ) a person gets the worst results and his life will be miserable. Therefore one should satisfy Raghu (one of the 9 planets) by worshipping Him. One’s marriage will be delayed if Raghu is in the 7 th place in a horoscope. If he is in the 5 th place, the Jaathaka (person) will not beget a child. In order to nullify Kalasthra dosha, Naga dosha and Putra dosha one should worship Raaghu. People afflicted with Nagadhosa should perform oblations.
Keelaperumpallam Kethu Bhagavan (South Lunar Node Temple) | Navagraha Temple is one of the nine Navagraha sthalas located in the Cauvery Delta region dedicated to shadow planet Ketu. Both the Devas and Asuras wanted to get Amirtham from the Pargadal (Milk Ocean). Thirumal as in the shape of Mohini was distributing Amirtham to the Devas. At that time Swarbhanu took divine shape sitting between the sun and moon received the Amirtham and ate it. This was informed to Mohini by the sun and moon. Mohini was keeping a long spoon in her hand and she hit the Asuras head heavily. The Asuras head and the body were separated. The head part goes to Lord ketu. The devotees may get certain defects caused by Ketu as Naga Thosam,
Kethu thosam Marriage thosam, children thosam, snake thosam, defects of the former birth are redressed when they pray here. He is a fearless planet doing all good for the devotees belonging to his Rasi. People pray to planet Kethu for excellence in education and family prosperity. Those facing some adverse aspects of this planet, pray first to Lord Naganatha and Kethu with red flowers, offering horse gram rice ‘Kollu sadham’ as nivedhana and light seven deepas. Pujas are performed to planet Kethu at Rahukalas and Yemakanda Kala times.
Tour Packages Offered From Kumbakonam
2 Nights 3 Days Kumbakonam Local Temples & Navagraha Temples Tour Package.
2 Nights 3 Days Chennai | Chidambaram | Kumbakonam | Thanjavur Tour Package.
3 Nights 4 Days Tiruchirapally | Tanjore | Kumbakonam Tour Package.
3 Nights 4 Days Chennai | Chidambaram | Kumbakonam | Thanjavur | Trichy Tour Package.
3 Nights 4 Days Madurai | Madurai | Kumbakonam | Thanjavur | Trichy Tour Package.
4 Nights 5 Days Chennai | Chidambaram | Kumbakonam | Thanjavur | Madurai | Trichy Tour Package.
4 Nights 5 Days Chennai | Kanchipuram | Chidambaram | Kumbakonam | Thanjavur | Trichy Tour Package.
4 Nights 5 Days Madurai | Rameshwaram | Kumbakonam | Thanjavur | Trichy Tour Package.
7 Nights 8 Days Madurai | Rameshwaram | Kumbakonam | Tanjore | Tiruchirapally Tour Package.
7 Nights 8 Days Chidambaram | Kumbakonam | Thanjavur | Madurai | Rameswaram | Trichy | Mahabalipuram | Kanchipuram Tour Package.
8 Nights 9 Days Chidambaram | Kumbakonam | Thanjavur | Madurai | Kanyakumari | Rameswaram | Trichy | Mahabalipuram | Kanchipuram Tour Package.
9 Nights 10 Days Madurai | Rameshwaram | Kumbakonam | Tanjore | Tiruchirapally | Kodaikanal Tour Package.
Please Note: Cost Of Every Itinerary Depends On Many Factors, Like How Many Members Are There For The Trip ? How Many Days And Places You Select For Your Holiday ? So This Is The Reason We Have Made You A Form Below To Write Us What You Wish And Plan, In Reply We Would Make Your Tour Itinerary With All The Details And Cost As Per Your Request. For Better Understanding And Clarification You Can Call Us 24×7 On +91 99439 90110.
FAQs About Kumbakonam
The small town of Kumbakonam is best known for its historic beauty and architectural importance. Dotted with many temples, Kumbakonam is also a perfect place for the shopaholics. There are several markets spread across the town which is famous for their indigenous products.
There are around 188 sites in Kumbakonam. The town is well known for its prestigious educational institutions, carved Panchaloha idols, silk products, brass and metal wares. And the temples here are widely known for their exquisite pillars, imaginative drawings on walls, and mythological stories.
The Airavatesvara Temple built by Rajaraja Chola II (1146–73) during 12th century is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, along with the Brihadeeswara Temple at Thanjavur, the Gangaikondacholisvaram Temple at Gangaikonda Cholapuram that are referred as the Great Living Chola Temples.
Here’s a list of all that you can buy while in Kumbakonam.
Idols of God and Goddesses. Gods and Goddesses in their traditional forms and in new avatars.
Kumbakonam is also famous for its handicrafts and metal work.
Silk and Kanchipuram sarees.
Kumbakonam Degree Coffee.
Services We Offer
Elite Itinerary Holidays | Book Online Taxi | Plan My Trip | Elite Houseboats & Hotels | Elite Homestays | Elite Itinerary Day Trips | Elite Pool Villas | Elite Cuisines | Experience Wildlife on Elite Itinerary | Elite Itinerary Elephant Rides | Elite Jeep Safaris | Elite Backwater Cruises | Elite Bird Watching | Elite Ayurvedic Massages and Treatments | Elite Boating’s | Elite Tree Houses | Elite Jungle Camps | Customised Holidays | Tailor-made Holidays | Popular Tour Packages | Domestic Airlines | Domestic Flights | Indigo Flights | Air India Airlines | Go Air Airlines | Spicejet Flights | Airasia Flights | Flight Schedule | Airline Flight status | Cheap Air tickets | Web Checkin | Elite Homestays | Elite Itinerary for Business | Elite Itinerary for SMEs | Elite India Tourism | Elite Holidays | Elite Domestic Holiday Packages | Trade Fairs | Domestic Activities | Bus booking | Bus Ticket | Trains | IRCTC | Indian Railways | Check Train PNR Status | Elite Monuments of India | KSRTC | HRTC | GSRTC | TNSTC | RSRTC | Elite Resorts | Elite Itinerary For Corporates.
We are very approachable and would love to hear from you. Feel free to call or send us an email.
Honeymoon | Tour
Holiday | Tour
Pilgrimage | Tour
Wildlife | Tour
Medical | Tour
Corporate | Tour
Group | Tour
Students | Tour