Vellore is located on the banks of the Palar River in the northeastern part of Tamil Nadu and is separated into four zones that are further subdivided into 60 wards, covering an area of 87.915 Square KM, Vellore is strategically located and well-connected by rail and bus routes to major towns in the neighbouring states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Kerala. Vellore is the largest exporter of finished leather goods in the country. Leather exports from Vellore account for more than 37% of India’s leather exports and leather-related products. Vellore is one of 27 cities chosen by the Government of India to take part in the country’s Smart Cities Mission. According to a legend, many babul trees (known locally as velan trees) surrounded this region, which led to the name “Vellore”. Vellore is also known as the Second Madras because of its importance and location relative to Chennai (Madras). The recorded history of Vellore dates back to the ninth century, as seen from a Chola inscription in the Annamalaiyar Temple in Tiruvannamalai. Many dynasties and rulers dominated Vellore throughout its history, including the Pallava dynasty, Medieval Cholas, Later Cholas, Vijayanagar, the Rashtrakuta dynasty, the Sambuvarayar chieftains, the Nawabs of the Carnatic, and the administration of the British.
Sightseeing Points In Vellore
Vellore Fort is a large 16th-century fort situated in the heart of the Vellore city, built by Vijayanagara Kings. The Fort was at one point of time the headquarters of the Aravidu Dynasty of Vijayanagara Empire. The fort is known for its grand ramparts, wide moat and robust masonry. The Fort’s ownership passed from Vijayanagara Kings, to the Bijapur Sultans, to Marathas, to the Carnatic Nawabs and finally to the British, who held the fort until India gained independence. The Indian government maintains the Fort with the Archaeological Department. During British rule, the Tipu Sultan’s family and the last king of Sri Lanka, Sri Vikrama Rajasinha were held as prisoners in the fort. The fort houses a Christian church, a Muslim mosque and a Hindu temple, the latter of
which is famous for its magnificent carvings. The first rebellion against British rule erupted at this fort in 1806, and it is also a witness to the massacre of the Vijayanagara royal family of Sri Ranga Raya.
Vellore Science Park (also known as Vellore District Science Centre) located in sathuvachari east part of the Vellore City. This science centre is among the four centres in Tamil Nadu developed by Tamil Nadu Science and Technology centre. It has a number of galleries including on environment; leather and physical science. Objective of the science park is to enable children to learn science through a play method. Science Park here had made it possible for the students and general public to view comet ISON with its telescopic facility on 28 November 2013. Science Park also conducts summer camps for students teaching them physics, chemistry, maths, biology, environmental sciences, yoga, psychology and also practical experiments. Proposal of 3D theatre at
Vellore Science Park was initiated in March,2013. If plans go as expected, Vellore will be the only city other than Chennai in Tamil Nadu to have this facility. It would be an added attraction for students which would make watching various scientific phenomena come alive, almost real and the movies will be sourced from National Museum of Natural History, USA, would deal with concepts of cloning, life cycles, dinosaur, exploration of life, space mission, astronomy, solar system, mystic animals, and the lives of scientists.
Golden Temple Vellore complex inside the Sripuram spiritual park is situated at the foot of a small range of green hills at Thirumalaikodi (or simply Malaikodi) Vellore in Tamil Nadu. The Maha Kumbhabhishekam or consecration of the temple and its chief deity, Sri Lakshmi Narayani or Maha Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth, was held on 24 August 2007, and devotees from all religions and backgrounds are welcome to visit. This temple is gilded with 1,500 kg of pure gold, double the 750 kg gilding of the dome of the Golden Temple at Amritsar. The salient feature of ‘Sripuram’ is the Lakshmi Narayani temple whose Vimanam and Ardha Mandapam is covered with pure gold, housing the deity Sri Lakshmi Narayani (female consort of Vishnu Narayana). The temple is
located on 100 acres of land and has been constructed by the Vellore-based charitable trust, Sri Narayani Peedam, headed by its spiritual leader Sri Sakthi Amma also known as ‘Narayani Amma’.
The temple with its gold (1,500 kg) covering, has intricate work done by artisans specialising in temple art using gold. Every single detail was manually created, including converting the gold bars into gold foils and then mounting the foils on copper. Gold foil from 9 layers to 10 layers has been mounted on the etched copper plates. Every single detail in the temple art has significance from the Vedas. The Sri Narayani Hospital & Research Centre is a general hospital located near the Sripuram temple complex and is also run by the ‘Sri Narayani Peedam’ Charitable Trust.
Jalakandeswarar Temple is a temple dedicated to Lord Shiva which is located in the Vellore Fort. The temple of the Vijayanagara period stands inside the Vellore Fort, which is under the control of the Archaeological Survey of India. According to legend, there used to be a giant ant-hill at the location where the sanctum of the temple now stands. This ant-hill was surrounded by stagnant water, as a result of collection of rainwater, and at some time a Shiva Lingam was placed in this water around the ant hill and worshiped. Chinna Bommi Nayaka, a Vijayanagar chieftain, who was controlling the fort had a dream where the Lord Shiva asked him to build a temple at that location. Nayaka, proceeded to demolish the anthill and build the temple in 1550
CE, and since the Lingam was surrounded by water (called Jalam in Tamil) the deity was called as Jalakandeswarar (translated as “Lord Siva residing in the water”). The temple was built during the reign of the Vijayanagara king Sadashiva Deva Maharaya (1540–1572 CE). The temple also has the statue of Sri Akhilandeshwari Amma, the consort of Jalakandeswarar. Behind the Nandi statue, there is an earthen lamp, which is said to revolve when some people place their hands on it. The revolving is said to indicate that their wishes have been granted. Some devotees of the temple worship the golden and silver lizard sculptures and the snake sculptures in order to get relief from ‘sarpa dosham’.
The Jalakanteshwara Temple is a fine example of Vijayanagara Architecture. The temple has exquisite carvings on its gopuram (tower), richly carved stone pillars, large wooden gates and stunning monoliths and sculptures. These Vijayanagar sculptures are similar to the ones present in Soundararaja Perumal Temple, Thadikombu, Krishnapuram Venkatachalapathy temple, Srivilliputhur Divya Desam and Alagar Kovil. The Gopuram of the tower is over 100 ft. in height. The temple also has a Mandapam, with the hall supported by carved stone pillars of dragons, horses and yalis (lion like creature).
Sri Then Venkatachalapathy Temple is a Vedic temple in the down of the Vallimalai hill town near thiruvalam in Vellore. According to legend, while breaking the rock by a worker in this area, Perumal was found inside in a saint look. By seeing this magic, he got afraid and went back home. At the same time a person who is a devotee to Vishnu who was a bus owner in chittoor. Was the one who did not have a child even after six years of marriage. One day he dreamt about Lord Vishnu in regards to his presence in vallimalai. The next day he came to vallimalai and finally he reached the place where Lord is being hailed as “Sri Then Venkatachalapathy”. There After Time Passed By and he gave birth to a child With Happiness And joy he built a small temple Vallimalai.
He also placed one Priest for daily pooja and dug a well for water to do pooja. After his death there was no one to take care of the temple.
Thereafter a long period of time near vallimalai from a small village Perumal kuppam students came for study purpose to vallimalai. In that one student called “Vijayan” was attracted by Venkatachalapathy. He Started To Visit The Temple Daily And Offered Is Prayes to god. He Also started to put deepam in evening and morning and did abisegam every morning using water from the well. After getting a job he continued his service to god. After he got married, he started to renovate the temple in the year 2000. From his savings, and with donation from devotees he slowly started constructing the temple gopuram and installed idols, reconstructed the base for compound, mandapam etc.
Assumption Church is at a distance of 2.5 km from Vellore Town Railway Station, The Cathedral of the Roman Catholic Diocese is situated next to the Bishop’s House in Vellore. The major attraction of this Church is a bell tower, which is said to be the highest bell tower in India. The Society of Jesus spread Christianity in Vellore from 1604. In 1854 Vellore was made a parish and Assumption church was built in the same year. It was under the Madras Archdiocese until it was announced as the cathedral of the newborn Diocese of Vellore in 1952. Our Lady of Assumption church is situated in the middle of Vellore town. The old cathedral was demolished and the basement for the new cathedral was consecrated on 15 September 2002. Blessed Sacrament chapel, prayer
meeting hall, Glass paintings of 18 important events of salvation history and 15 mysteries of Rosary, and 165 feet height Belfry are special features of the new cathedral. The present cathedral has capacity for 3000 people. Feast of this church falls on August 15th every year. Festivals like Christmas, Good Friday, Easter and New Year are also celebrated in the Church.
Tour Packages Offered From Vellore
2 Nights 3 Days Chennai | Kanchipuram | Vellore | Chennai Tour Package.
2 Nights 3 Days Chennai | Vellore | Yelagiri | Chennai Tour Package.
2 Nights 3 Days Bangalore | Vellore | Tirupati | Bangalore Tour Package.
3 Nights 4 Days Chennai | Vellore | Yercaud | Hogenakkal | Chennai Tour Package.
3 Nights 4 Days Chennai | Vellore | Yelagiri | Hogenakkal | Chennai Tour Package.
3 Nights 4 Days Chennai | Vellore | Tirupati | Chennai Tour Package.
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FAQs About Vellore
Located at the banks of the Palar River, Vellore is an ancient city that has been ruled by the various prosperous dynasties of south India. The city like any princely Indian city should be is famous for various forts, temples, picnic spots and other important tourist attractions.
Vellore is a very good place to live if you are a peace loving person. Pros are Closer to Chennai around 2 hours of drive and 3.5 hrs to bangalore. One of the oldest cities.
Historic Vellore Fort, Government Museum, Science Park, Vainu Bappu Observatory, Amirthi Zoological Park, Religious Places like Jalakandeswarar Temple, Srilakshmi Golden Temple, Big Mosque & St. John’s Church and Yelagiri Hill station are the among top tourist attractions in and around Vellore.
North Arcot Ambedkar District was renamed Vellore District in 1996.
The name is said to have originated from Vel which is the main weapon of the Hindu deity Murugan or ‘Velayudayaan’ (one who bears the spear). The word then literally means – The place of Murugan. The name Vellore is derived from the Tamil words Vel + uur meaning City of Spears.
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